Eid-al-adha ,a festival of sacrifice, popularly known as  bakra-eid.  This festival is of great Islamic gravity and a pompous event of great enthusiasm. This festival is a four day Islamic rituals starting from 10th of day of ‘dhul hajj’ to commemorate the willingness of prophet Ibrahim to sacrifice his son.

It is celebrated in honour of Prophet Abraham, his devotion to almighty Allah. It is said when god appeared to Abraham (A.S), known as Ibrahim to Muslims in a dream and asked to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience, he was tempted by a devil, who asked him to disobey god by saying to spare his son Ishmail. But giving devil’s words a deaf ear Prophet Abraham was happily ready to sacrifice his everything including his son. God was so impressed his devotion that when he was to slaughter his son god send his angel named JIBRA’il who put a ram instead of his son’s head.

Eid-al –adha is the time for sacrifice to Muslims, to understand the true devotion to Allah almighty, to understand Prophet Abraham’s great devotion to his god. Many Muslims travels the most holy ‘Mecca’ of Saudi Arabia to perform the Hajj pilgrimage. At the end of the hajj Muslims though out the world celebrate the public holiday of Eid-ul-adha.

The hearty festival starts by wearing new clothes, offering prayers in mosques , followed by a brief sermon in the morning by the imam, remembering Prophet Abraham. People went back to their homes where they symbolically sacrifice an animal, an act called “qurbani’. The slaughtered animal is then divided into three parts, the family keeps one-third part of the share, another share is given to the relatives, friends and neighbours and the remaining is given to poor and needy.

Animals like cows, goats and camels are in great demand and are primarily slaughtered and are of great demand among the buyers and the heavily breed is pie of eye among the buyers. Some countries have banned the slaughtering of animals like U.S.A, Australia and India.

Eid-al-adha is a festival of lavishly cooked food, with stroking high services by mosques serving food to the poor, and remembering the service of great prophet Abraham.


Ashura , a day of remembrance is an Arabic word  which means the‘tenth’.. in Islaam it  is specifically used for the tenth day of Muharram. The name Muharram itself means ‘scared’ and is sanctified month as a whole, yet the tenth day of Muharram is considered the most sacred and pious to muslims. Muharram is consider a pious month and is of great significance to Muslims. Ashura is given its name, because it is believed that Allah almighty bequeath his ten prophets ten kinds of bounties on this special day. Islamic lunar calendar marks the beginning of the newyear by sighting of the moon of the Muharram. It is consider the first month of Islamic calendar.

Ashura is a great time of fasting and contemplation of inner thoughts, a great source of thoughts. Fasting on this day eases the sins of an entire year, the holy Prophet  (SAW) said: I hope that Allah will accept it as an expitation for the year that went before. Traditionally, ashura commemorates two events: The day Noah left the ark and the day when MUSA was saved by Allah Almighty by Egyptians.

Muslims marks this day of great gravity because of various reasons, Arabic society celebrates this day as they believe that it was the day on which prophet Abraham was born. In Islam , it is not obligatory to fast on ashura ,it is not it is “Sunnah” of holy Prophet , he fasted and recommended fasting, but not in way the Jews did.

Another reason for celebration of ashura in Islaam is that it is the day when HUSSYAN, the blessed grandson of prophet Muhammad and the master of youth and heaven was martyrized. It is also believed that, the Kabba , the most scared mosque was build.

The Hadith of prophets (PUBH), points about two facts, firstly they say Muharram is the month of Allah and secondly fasting in Muharram is next to fasting in Ramzan.

There is a famous legend regarding Ashura.

When prophet (PUBH) migrated to MADINA  with his disciples, there he found out that on this day the Jews of Medinah fasted on the tenth of the day of Muharram. Jews said that  holy prophet Musa and his followers crossed the red sea miraculously ,on this day sea was split in various path ways for Musa and his people, thus granting victory over tyrant Firwan, hearing this holy Prophet said,” we are more closely related to Musa than you and directed muslims to fast on the day of ashura .

For ‘SHIA’ muslims it is a day for great public expressions of mourning . they express their sorrow by castigating themselves on  the back with chains, this they believe connect them to Hussayn’s suffering and death as an aid to salvation on the day of judgement.

For ‘Sunni’ Islam  fasting is obligatory, they include it by going to religious hearings, and performing charities.

The Advancement of Music Formats:

A Brief History from Phonograph to MP3

Music is an intrinsic part of our lives for decades that bring fun laughter and irrepressible urge to dance. As the technology grows music has become a constant in our everyday lives. The vast range of music now available to us would not be so accessible if it were not for these technological advancements, which makes us even more appreciative of the earliest days of music player technology. Take a look at how music industry has evolved and how fascinating it is to see the innovation of music players.

1. Phonograph: The inventor of the Phonograph was Thomas Edison. This made Edison the first to create a device to reproduce recorded sound. Phonograph manufactured from 1896 to 1904.

2. Radio: The radio was originally developed for military use during WWI. Soon it became popular among people for entertainment. Listening to Sports, musical concerts and newscast on the radio became a regular past time. Near about 60% of American families purchased radios between 1923 and 1930.

3. Vinyl Records: A Vinyl record, once considered valuable only to super-fans and audiophiles, has made its resurgence and it's coming back strong. It was a polyvinyl plastic disk with a single, spiraling groove on both sides. A needle runs through the groove from the outside of the record to the center, producing analog sounds.

4. 8-Tracks: The 8-track tape was invented by William Powell Lear in order to deliver soothing music to passengers on the planes. Later it was also introduced in automobiles and stored about 40 minutes of music.

5. Cassette Tapes: The cassette tapes signified the end of the 8 track tape and had much better sound quality. The first cassette tape was invented and released in 1962 and their popularity grows as a result of portable pocket recorders.

6. CDs: The first commercial CD was jointly developed by Philips and Sony at a Philips factory in Germany. In 1988, 400 million CDs were manufactured by 50 pressing plants around the world.

7. MP3: With the rise of computers and internet, a compression format of MP3 was born that and made a big change to how people listened to music. In 1998, first portable solid state digital audio player MPMan was released in Seoul, South Korea

Today, storage devices are getting smaller in size and are able to hold large amount of data. The possibilities for music formats in the future are endless. So, now future of music is all up to us.

How Music Impacts Our Brain and Body

Music gives a soul to the universe and helps to escape from all the negative things in your life. It

is acoustically clearer than noise and speech, so more easily processed by the brain. In many

cultures music is an important part of their way of life and they utilize it to feel happier, calm

and relaxed. The healing power of music helps to decrease anxiety and some other neurological

disorders. Apart from this, music has many effects on different parts of our body as listed


Memory: You form and recall memories due to the release of dopamine. Research shows that

listening to music releases dopamine which creates and strengthens new neural pathways that

help more engagement of different brain areas.

Mood: Your mood actually boosted due to release of feel-good alpha and theta waves. The

alpha waves induce states of enhanced creativity while theta waves are associated with

relaxing. Listening to music can increase optimism and decrease pain.

Work Performance: You can perform better on spatial tasks and standardized tasks while

listening to music. The key for boosting creative energies is to listen to the type of music you

enjoy the most because it has positive effects on cognition.

Blood Pressure: Your blood pressure falls depending on the speed and type of music you listen

because specific brainwaves are associated with specific emotional activities.

Exercise Ability: You are able to push harder and longer in your workout due to music's effect

on your physical capacity and arousal. The heart beat is in systole and diastole while listening to

music and help us feel relaxation.

Skin: You actually experience physical sensation on your skin in response to particularly moving

music. Sound is like nutrient for the nervous system and helps to balance the proportion in

different skin tissues.